The problem of repressive regimes does not stop at the suppression of freedoms and the arbitrary arrest of opponents. Authoritarian regimes seek to ensure the continuation of their dominance over power and society, and to finish off the opposition tendencies that rage in the hearts of the people.
When the Iraqi academic writer, Kanan Makiya, published in the 1990s his most famous book, Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq, in which he describes the state of terror that Iraqis were experiencing at that time as a result of the police state. In his book, he did not only describe the state of Iraq, and did not talk about something unique in the history of authoritarian regimes, but rather detailed and clarified a recipe followed by most authoritarian regimes around the world, especially the Arab world.
Usually, the tyrannical regime is not satisfied with arbitrarily detaining the opposition activist, but rather begins its suppression from the moment of arrest, after which various means of coercion follow, perhaps the simplest of which is torture, because it ends at some point; No matter how long it takes.
These regimes, and the UAE regime is no exception, seek to finish off the detainee even after his release from prison. This happens after making sure that they left him nothing to do outside prison, and that they destroyed all possibilities of him returning to his normal life.
After the first stage of bringing the political activist into a series of troubles from the moment of his arrest ends, then verbally and physically humiliating him during arrest and interrogation, after all this the second stage begins specifically after the political activist is brought to trial and long prison sentences are issued against him.
These regimes are usually keen to make prison sentences long, so that they can have a lasting impact on the life of the detainee, and make him return to the zero point, a point at which the detainee loses everything he was able to build during his life before detention.
for example, If the detainee is a student, after his release he would probably expelled from his school and lag behind his counterparts. And if he is an employee or worker, he would lose his job, and if he is a merchant, his business has gone bankrupt. He may even be deprived of practicing trade, studying, or even returning to work due to his need to obtain a security permit, and this is almost impossible.
Prison sentences are always accompanied by very high fines, and this aimed to let the authorities confiscate the detainee’s propertied or anything he owns, and of course this policy of impoverishment leads to the accumulation of debts on the families of the detainees, and a decline in their social level, as they have lost the only breadwinner in the family. there are many cases of detainees whose money was publicly stolen under justifications for which unfair laws are devoted to support the executioner at the expense of the victim. All of this is taking place further by restricting the detainees of conscience from the tyrannical regimes.
We cannot forget the effects that such harsh high sentences have on the lives of the detainees’ families, particularly the children, who grow up far from their parents, which in some cases may lead to their deviation due to the absence of parental guidance, in addition to many of them feeling alienated within their homeland. And feels that they are persecuted, in this case the family of the detainee live some of his conditions and find themselves almost imprisoned.
There is no doubt that all this ordeal experienced by the detainees will lead to psychological disorders that may require long treatment. Some of them even suffer from chronic diseases as a result of the horrific conditions of detention, which is what actually happened to some detainees.
All of these effects require close attention from the detainees’ families, and they must understand that the torture and humiliation the detainee has been subjected to during his imprisonment will leave scars that may not be erased and will continue to affect him, which is what psychologists call “Post Incarceration Syndrome”, as the person remains sometimes under the influence of what is known as post-traumatic stress disorder.
There must also be a keen attention to the impact of the absence of the father on children, and awareness of the emotional impact of such absence, and its impact on the behaviour of youths in particular who tend to rebel against family, which cannot be compensated by the grandfather or uncle in the absence of the father who is primarily responsible for raising his children, and this is another issue that harms the detainee and his family, and it happens often.
It remains to say that the families of the detainees must not overwhelm the detainee with talking about financial and family problems upon his release from prison, and try to pay close attention to the presence of any psychological issues, in addition they must try to provide emotional and psychological support to the detainee as much as possible in order to mitigate the psychological effects left by the period of detention.