The European Parliament in a plenary session called on the international companies sponsoring Expo 2020 Dubai to withdraw their sponsorship and urged European Union (EU) member states not to participate in it, due to the continuous human rights are constantly violated in the UAE, especially with regard to detainees of conscience in the country.
The resolution, adopted by all blocs in the European Parliament with the exception of the center-right EPP group, made a variety of recommendations to the Union and Member States and called on the European Department of Foreign Affairs to propose the adoption of measures against those responsible for serious human rights violations in the United Arab Emirates.
It called on Member States to establish an export control system for the UAE, with the aim of suspending the sale and export of surveillance technology to Abu Dhabi, as well as its maintenance and upgrading, unless the UAE takes steps to stop espionage and human rights violations.
In its resolution, European Parliament also expressed concern about reports that Abu Dhabi authorities have used NSO Group's spy software to unlawfully monitor the mobile phones of hundreds of people in the UK, including lawyers and academic members of parliament.
The resolution calls on Vice-President to send a request to the UAE authorities to obtain clarification from them on these reports, in particular with regard to the possible targeting of EU citizens or individuals on their territory, and to submit a report to Parliament on the matter.
The resolution also condemned the arrest of human rights defender Ahmed Mansoor and all human rights defenders in the UAE who were imprisoned solely for exercising their basic human rights. It deplored the discrepancy between the UAE's claims to be a tolerant and rights-respecting country and the fact that human rights defenders in the UAE are imprisoned in harsh conditions.
The resolution reiterates the demands of European Parliament for the immediate and unconditional release of Ahmed Mansoor, Mohammed al-Roken, Nasser bin Ghaith and all human rights defenders, political activists and peaceful dissidents, and calls on the UAE authorities to ensure the treatment of detainees in line with United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, pending their release.
the Parliament stressed the need to allow UN experts and international non-governmental organizations to visit detainees in UAE prisons and monitor conditions of detention, to conduct a full investigation into all allegations of torture and to call on the Vice President of the EU, to submit a request for prison visits for human rights defenders to Abu Dhabi during the forthcoming visit to the UAE and to publicly and privately call for their immediate and unconditional release during meetings there, and to report back to Parliament on the actions taken so far by the EU delegation and Member States Abu Dhabi.
The resolution calls on members of the INTERPOL's General Assembly in particular the member states of the EU, to give due consideration to the allegations of human rights violations related to Major Nasser Ahmed Al Raisi ahead of the election of the organization's presidency from 23 to 25 November, as civil society has raised concerns related to his candidacy and the potential impact on the institution's reputation.
The resolution also denounces the role of the UAE authorities in the extradition of the Saudi women's rights activist Loujain Al-Hathloul to Saudi Arabia, where she was detained, tortured and persecuted for advocating for women's rights.
It is worth noting that European Parliament drafts are not legally binding on EU Member States and are used to express the political positions of the Parliament, but they have a major political impact on the formulation of EU policies.